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建设更高水平的平安中国

2021年02月01日 11:53:34
来源: 解放军报 作者: 国防大学习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心

  内容提要

  随着我(wo)国(guo)进入以高质量发展(zhan)为(wei)(wei)主题的新发展(zhan)阶段,建设更高水平的平安中国(guo)成为(wei)(wei)时(shi)代(dai)必然。要把安全发展(zhan)贯穿国(guo)家发展(zhan)各领域和(he)全过程(cheng),防范(fan)和(he)化解(jie)影响(xiang)我(wo)国(guo)现代(dai)化进程(cheng)的各种(zhong)风险,筑(zhu)牢国(guo)家安全屏障。

  党(dang)的(de)十九届五中(zhong)全(quan)(quan)会鲜明(ming)提(ti)出:“统筹(chou)发展(zhan)(zhan)和(he)安全(quan)(quan),建(jian)设更(geng)高(gao)水平的(de)平安中(zhong)国(guo)。”这是以习近平同(tong)志(zhi)为核心(xin)的(de)党(dang)中(zhong)央(yang)着眼构建(jian)新发展(zhan)(zhan)格局、统筹(chou)国(guo)内国(guo)际(ji)两(liang)个大(da)局、办好发展(zhan)(zhan)安全(quan)(quan)两(liang)件大(da)事作出的(de)重大(da)决策(ce),体现了(le)(le)我们党(dang)善于从战略全(quan)(quan)局高(gao)度主动运筹(chou)国(guo)家安全(quan)(quan)工作的(de)政治勇气和(he)高(gao)超(chao)智(zhi)慧,为我们在新发展(zhan)(zhan)阶段维护和(he)塑造(zao)国(guo)家安全(quan)(quan)指(zhi)明(ming)了(le)(le)方向、提(ti)供了(le)(le)遵循。

  深刻认识建设更高水平的平安中国的重要意义

  党(dang)的十(shi)八大以(yi)来(lai),在(zai)以(yi)习近平(ping)同志(zhi)为(wei)核心(xin)的党(dang)中央(yang)坚(jian)强领导(dao)下(xia),平(ping)安(an)(an)中国建(jian)设(she)取得历史性成就:平(ping)安(an)(an)建(jian)设(she)的体(ti)制(zhi)机(ji)制(zhi)逐步完(wan)善,风险防控的整(zheng)体(ti)水(shui)平(ping)稳步提升,保(bao)障(zhang)力量的综合实力显著提高,人民群众(zhong)的获得感(gan)、幸福(fu)感(gan)、安(an)(an)全(quan)感(gan)不断增强。随着(zhe)我(wo)国进入以(yi)高质量发展(zhan)为(wei)主(zhu)题的新发展(zhan)阶段,建(jian)设(she)更高水(shui)平(ping)的平(ping)安(an)(an)中国成为(wei)时代必然。

  建设更高水(shui)平(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)平(ping)(ping)安(an)中国(guo)(guo),是应(ying)(ying)对复杂多变(bian)国(guo)(guo)家安(an)全(quan)形(xing)势(shi)的(de)(de)(de)必(bi)然要求。当前,世(shi)界百年未有(you)之大(da)变(bian)局加速演进,国(guo)(guo)际环境中的(de)(de)(de)不(bu)稳定性(xing)不(bu)确定性(xing)明(ming)显增加。新冠肺炎(yan)疫情影响(xiang)广泛深远,经济全(quan)球化(hua)遭遇(yu)逆流,世(shi)界进入动荡变(bian)革期,单(dan)边主(zhu)义(yi)、保护主(zhu)义(yi)、霸权主(zhu)义(yi)对世(shi)界和平(ping)(ping)与发(fa)展构成威胁。近(jin)年来,随着我(wo)国(guo)(guo)综合(he)国(guo)(guo)力大(da)幅提升(sheng),各种可以预(yu)见(jian)和难以预(yu)见(jian)的(de)(de)(de)风险因(yin)素明(ming)显增多,各类安(an)全(quan)风险的(de)(de)(de)危(wei)害性(xing)、联动性(xing)、总体性(xing)也明(ming)显增强。顺应(ying)(ying)国(guo)(guo)家安(an)全(quan)形(xing)势(shi)的(de)(de)(de)发(fa)展变(bian)化(hua),平(ping)(ping)安(an)中国(guo)(guo)建设必(bi)须有(you)更高的(de)(de)(de)水(shui)平(ping)(ping)。

  建(jian)设更高水(shui)平的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)平安(an)中国,是满足人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)日(ri)益增(zeng)长的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)美好生(sheng)活需要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)必然要(yao)求(qiu)。经(jing)过几十年不懈奋进(jin),中国特色社会(hui)主(zhu)义进(jin)入(ru)新(xin)时代,我国社会(hui)主(zhu)要(yao)矛盾已经(jing)转化为人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)日(ri)益增(zeng)长的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)美好生(sheng)活需要(yao)和不平衡不充(chong)分(fen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发展之(zhi)间的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)矛盾。人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)美好生(sheng)活需要(yao),已经(jing)由传统物质(zhi)需要(yao),上(shang)升(sheng)到对民(min)(min)主(zhu)、法治、公平、正义、社会(hui)稳定(ding)和谐等方面的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需要(yao);人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)对平安(an)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需要(yao),呈(cheng)现(xian)出多(duo)样(yang)化、多(duo)层次、多(duo)方面的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)特点(dian),平安(an)已经(jing)从传统意义上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)命财产安(an)全(quan),上(shang)升(sheng)到安(an)居、乐业(ye)、安(an)康、安(an)心等各方面,涉及就(jiu)业(ye)、住房、医(yi)疗、教育、卫(wei)生(sheng)、健康等各行业(ye),内涵外(wai)延不断拓展,标准要(yao)求(qiu)更新(xin)更高。

  建(jian)设(she)(she)更(geng)(geng)高(gao)(gao)水(shui)平的(de)(de)平安(an)(an)(an)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo),是(shi)(shi)(shi)全(quan)(quan)面建(jian)设(she)(she)社(she)(she)会(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义现(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)的(de)(de)必(bi)然要(yao)求。一(yi)方(fang)(fang)面,建(jian)设(she)(she)更(geng)(geng)高(gao)(gao)水(shui)平的(de)(de)平安(an)(an)(an)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo),是(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)会(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义现(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)重要(yao)内容。社(she)(she)会(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义现(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)是(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)个(ge)综合体系,既(ji)包含国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)经(jing)济科技实(shi)力(li)、创新能力(li)、国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)治理体系和治理能力(li),也包括国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)素质、社(she)(she)会(hui)文明程度、生态环(huan)境,还包括人民(min)(min)生活质量、共同富(fu)裕程度以及国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)水(shui)平等各方(fang)(fang)面的(de)(de)能力(li)或状态。建(jian)设(she)(she)更(geng)(geng)高(gao)(gao)水(shui)平的(de)(de)平安(an)(an)(an)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo),是(shi)(shi)(shi)全(quan)(quan)面建(jian)设(she)(she)社(she)(she)会(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义现(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)的(de)(de)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)指标,是(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)会(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义现(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)题中(zhong)应有(you)之义。另一(yi)方(fang)(fang)面,建(jian)设(she)(she)更(geng)(geng)高(gao)(gao)水(shui)平的(de)(de)平安(an)(an)(an)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo),是(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)会(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义现(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)重要(yao)保障(zhang)。安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)是(shi)(shi)(shi)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)前(qian)提(ti),没有(you)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)就没有(you)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。党(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)十九届五中(zhong)全(quan)(quan)会(hui)明确要(yao)求“把(ba)(ba)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)贯穿国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)各领(ling)域和全(quan)(quan)过程”,这是(shi)(shi)(shi)我(wo)们党(dang)(dang)(dang)治国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)理政的(de)(de)经(jing)验(yan)总结,也是(shi)(shi)(shi)我(wo)们党(dang)(dang)(dang)对安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)与发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)辩证关(guan)系的(de)(de)深(shen)刻把(ba)(ba)握。只有(you)在平安(an)(an)(an)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)建(jian)设(she)(she)上(shang)有(you)更(geng)(geng)高(gao)(gao)标准、更(geng)(geng)硬举措、更(geng)(geng)强力(li)量,全(quan)(quan)面建(jian)设(she)(she)社(she)(she)会(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义现(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)才能有(you)更(geng)(geng)优良的(de)(de)环(huan)境条(tiao)件、更(geng)(geng)可靠的(de)(de)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)保障(zhang)。

  深入理解建设更高水平的平安中国的深刻内涵

  平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)是一(yi)个(ge)动态发展、不(bu)断升级的(de)(de)(de)过程。当(dang)前,我国(guo)面临的(de)(de)(de)国(guo)内(nei)国(guo)际环境发生深刻(ke)(ke)变化,建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)更(geng)高(gao)水平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)具有丰富而(er)深刻(ke)(ke)的(de)(de)(de)内(nei)涵。一(yi)是更(geng)高(gao)起点,在经济(ji)快速发展、社会(hui)长(zhang)期(qi)稳定“两大(da)奇迹”基础上(shang)谱写新篇章,提(ti)升平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)层(ceng)次和质效。二是更(geng)广领域,突出“大(da)安(an)全(quan)(quan)观”,统(tong)(tong)(tong)筹内(nei)部安(an)全(quan)(quan)和外部安(an)全(quan)(quan),统(tong)(tong)(tong)筹传统(tong)(tong)(tong)安(an)全(quan)(quan)和非(fei)传统(tong)(tong)(tong)安(an)全(quan)(quan)。三(san)(san)是更(geng)富实(shi)效,既要解决现(xian)实(shi)问题,又要预防(fang)潜在风(feng)险,将平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)关口前移,塑造(zao)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)有利态势(shi)。四(si)是更(geng)可持续,着眼构(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)长(zhang)效机制,实(shi)现(xian)国(guo)家社会(hui)长(zhang)治久安(an)。五是更(geng)加满(man)意,紧(jin)扣人民(min)群(qun)众(zhong)对平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)关切和感受,在共建(jian)(jian)(jian)共治共享中(zhong)不(bu)断提(ti)升人民(min)群(qun)众(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)获得感、幸福感、安(an)全(quan)(quan)感。具体(ti)而(er)言,建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)更(geng)高(gao)水平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)中(zhong)国(guo)应着重在以下(xia)三(san)(san)个(ge)方面更(geng)有成(cheng)效。

  政(zheng)治更(geng)(geng)(geng)安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)。政(zheng)治安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan),是指(zhi)一个国家由政(zheng)权、政(zheng)治制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度和意(yi)识形态等要(yao)素组(zu)成的(de)政(zheng)治体系,相对(dui)(dui)处(chu)于没有危险和不受威胁的(de)状态,以(yi)及面对(dui)(dui)风(feng)险和挑战时能够及时有效防范应对(dui)(dui),从而确(que)保(bao)(bao)国家良好政(zheng)治秩序的(de)能力(li)。政(zheng)治安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)核(he)心是政(zheng)权安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)和制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)。政(zheng)治安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)作为国家上(shang)层建筑领域安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan),对(dui)(dui)保(bao)(bao)障国家安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)具有根本(ben)性、决定(ding)性意(yi)义。建设更(geng)(geng)(geng)高水平的(de)平安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)中国,首先(xian)就(jiu)要(yao)确(que)保(bao)(bao)在政(zheng)治上(shang)更(geng)(geng)(geng)安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)。必须毫不动摇坚持(chi)中国共产党的(de)领导,维护(hu)中国特色社会(hui)主(zhu)义制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度,发展社会(hui)主(zhu)义民主(zhu)政(zheng)治,为确(que)保(bao)(bao)政(zheng)治上(shang)更(geng)(geng)(geng)安(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)提供根本(ben)保(bao)(bao)证。

  社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)更(geng)安(an)定(ding)。社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)安(an)定(ding),是指我国(guo)社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)秩序(xu)和人民(min)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)命(ming)财产安(an)全(quan)(quan)相对处于没有危险和不受威(wei)胁的状态,以及(ji)维持这一安(an)全(quan)(quan)状态的能力。社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)安(an)定(ding)是国(guo)家安(an)全(quan)(quan)的重要基础(chu),包括防范(fan)、消(xiao)除(chu)、控制(zhi)直(zhi)接(jie)威(wei)胁社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)秩序(xu)和人民(min)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)命(ming)财产安(an)全(quan)(quan)的治安(an)、刑事(shi)、暴(bao)力恐怖活动、大规模群体(ti)性事(shi)件(jian),以及(ji)社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)骚乱、动荡。社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)安(an)全(quan)(quan)工作涉及(ji)打(da)击犯罪、维护稳定(ding)、社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)治理、公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服务等各(ge)方面(mian)工作,涉及(ji)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产、流通、工作、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)活各(ge)个环(huan)节,既事(shi)关每(mei)名社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)成员的切身(shen)利益,也事(shi)关国(guo)家经济发(fa)展和社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)稳定(ding)。建设(she)更(geng)高水平(ping)的平(ping)安(an)中国(guo),要求实(shi)现(xian)社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)更(geng)安(an)定(ding),为人民(min)群众(zhong)创造更(geng)安(an)全(quan)(quan)、更(geng)安(an)心的生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)活环(huan)境和社(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)秩序(xu)。

  人民(min)(min)更(geng)安(an)(an)(an)宁(ning)。人民(min)(min)安(an)(an)(an)宁(ning),就(jiu)(jiu)是(shi)(shi)要坚(jian)(jian)持人民(min)(min)至上、生(sheng)命(ming)至上,把保护人民(min)(min)生(sheng)命(ming)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)摆在(zai)首位(wei),全(quan)面(mian)提高公共安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)保障能力;就(jiu)(jiu)是(shi)(shi)要维护和发(fa)(fa)展最广(guang)大人民(min)(min)的根(gen)本利益,创造良好(hao)生(sheng)存(cun)发(fa)(fa)展条件和安(an)(an)(an)定工作生(sheng)活环(huan)境,保障人民(min)(min)的生(sheng)命(ming)财产安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)和其他(ta)合法权益。人民(min)(min)群众是(shi)(shi)社(she)会历(li)史的创造者,建设(she)更(geng)高水(shui)平(ping)(ping)的平(ping)(ping)安(an)(an)(an)中国(guo),归根(gen)结底是(shi)(shi)为了人民(min)(min)更(geng)安(an)(an)(an)宁(ning)。这是(shi)(shi)坚(jian)(jian)持以人民(min)(min)为中心的发(fa)(fa)展思想在(zai)国(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)领(ling)域(yu)的体现,也(ye)是(shi)(shi)中国(guo)共产党全(quan)心全(quan)意为人民(min)(min)服务根(gen)本宗(zong)旨的必然要求,是(shi)(shi)国(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)工作的根(gen)本出发(fa)(fa)点和落脚(jiao)点。同时(shi),只有(you)人民(min)(min)更(geng)安(an)(an)(an)宁(ning),才能进一步汇聚起建设(she)更(geng)高水(shui)平(ping)(ping)的平(ping)(ping)安(an)(an)(an)中国(guo)的无穷力量。只有(you)人民(min)(min)更(geng)安(an)(an)(an)宁(ning),社(she)会更(geng)安(an)(an)(an)定、政治更(geng)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)也(ye)才更(geng)有(you)保障。

  全面落实建设更高水平的平安中国的实践举措

  建设更高水平的平安(an)(an)中国,要求坚持总(zong)体国家安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)观,统筹传统安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)和非传统安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan),把安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)发(fa)展(zhan)贯穿国家发(fa)展(zhan)各领(ling)域和全(quan)(quan)过程(cheng),防(fang)范和化解影响我国现代化进程(cheng)的各种风险,筑牢国家安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)屏障。

  加强党(dang)(dang)对国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)工作的(de)(de)(de)集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)统一(yi)(yi)领(ling)导。党(dang)(dang)政(zheng)军民学,东西南(nan)北中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),党(dang)(dang)是(shi)领(ling)导一(yi)(yi)切的(de)(de)(de)。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共产党(dang)(dang)领(ling)导是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特色社会(hui)主(zhu)义最本(ben)质的(de)(de)(de)特征,是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特色社会(hui)主(zhu)义制度的(de)(de)(de)最大优(you)势(shi)。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共产党(dang)(dang)是(shi)最高政(zheng)治(zhi)领(ling)导力(li)量,国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)工作必(bi)须(xu)置于党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)统一(yi)(yi)领(ling)导之下。国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)关系国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)的(de)(de)(de)根本(ben)利益,是(shi)国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)发展的(de)(de)(de)基本(ben)前提,是(shi)安(an)(an)邦治(zhi)国(guo)(guo)(guo)的(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)基石。必(bi)须(xu)坚持党(dang)(dang)对国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)工作的(de)(de)(de)领(ling)导,建立集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)统一(yi)(yi)、高效权威的(de)(de)(de)国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)领(ling)导体制,确(que)保平安(an)(an)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)建设沿着(zhe)正确(que)的(de)(de)(de)方向前进,从而充分调(diao)动各方力(li)量、举国(guo)(guo)(guo)资(zi)源来(lai)维护国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)。

  健(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)完(wan)善国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)是维(wei)护和塑(su)造国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)(de)(de)重要支(zhi)撑。《中(zhong)华(hua)人民(min)共和国(guo)(guo)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)法(fa)》规定(ding),国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)建(jian)立国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)重点(dian)领域(yu)工(gong)作协调机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),建(jian)立国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)工(gong)作督(du)促检查(cha)和责任追究机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),建(jian)立跨部门会(hui)商工(gong)作机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),建(jian)立中(zhong)央与地方(fang)之间(jian)(jian)(jian)、部门之间(jian)(jian)(jian)、军地之间(jian)(jian)(jian)以(yi)及地区之间(jian)(jian)(jian)关于国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)(de)(de)协同联动机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),建(jian)立国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)决(jue)策(ce)咨(zi)询机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)等,从(cong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)层(ceng)面建(jian)立起维(wei)护国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)(de)(de)保护网。建(jian)设更高水(shui)平的(de)(de)(de)平安(an)(an)(an)(an)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo),还应不断健(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)完(wan)善情报信息、风险防范评估和预(yu)警(jing)、审查(cha)监管、危机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)管控等制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),加强各(ge)项工(gong)作机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)和制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)间(jian)(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)(de)有效(xiao)衔接与相互融合(he),发挥国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)最大效(xiao)能。

  筑牢国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)。习主席指出,要加大对维护国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)所需的(de)物(wu)(wu)质(zhi)、技术、装备(bei)、人(ren)才(cai)、法律、机(ji)制等保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)方面的(de)能力(li)建设,更好(hao)适(shi)应国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)工作(zuo)需要。当前,国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)内涵和外(wai)延(yan)不断(duan)拓展(zhan),迫切要求形(xing)成一个以法制保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、经(jing)费保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、装备(bei)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、物(wu)(wu)资保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、科(ke)技保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、人(ren)才(cai)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)等领域为重点的(de)广(guang)泛、周密、完整的(de)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)体系,从而(er)增强维护国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)整体能力(li)。

  强(qiang)化人民群众(zhong)、各类(lei)组织维(wei)护(hu)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的责任(ren)。人民群众(zhong)、各类(lei)组织作为国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)事务的参与者(zhe)(zhe)和管理者(zhe)(zhe),是维(wei)护(hu)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的力量源(yuan)泉和坚强(qiang)后盾,必须根据《中华人民共和国(guo)(guo)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)法》的相关规定承担起(qi)维(wei)护(hu)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的责任(ren)和义务。要加(jia)强(qiang)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的宣传(chuan)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)和舆论引导,将国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)纳入国(guo)(guo)民教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)体系(xi)和公职人员教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)培训体系(xi);结合每年4月(yue)15日(ri)的全(quan)(quan)(quan)民国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)日(ri),通(tong)过(guo)多种形式开展国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)宣传(chuan)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活动,使(shi)广大(da)人民群众(zhong)、各类(lei)组织明确维(wei)护(hu)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的责任(ren)、增强(qiang)维(wei)护(hu)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)的意识。

  (执笔(bi):孙文广、尹正达、周德昂)

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